13th Month Pay

All employers are required “to pay their rank-and-file employees 13th month pay, regardless of the nature of their employment and irrespective of the methods by which their wages are paid, provided they worked for at least 1 month during a calendar year.”[1] It must be given not later than December 24 of every year.[2]

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Special Leave for Women

Regardless of age and civil status, a special leave for women is granted to any female employee who has underwent surgery for gynecological disorders.[1]

Gynecological disorders refer to “disorders that would require surgical procedures such as, but not limited to dilation and curettage and those involving female reproductive organs such as the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, breast, adnexa and pelvic floor, as certified by a competent physician,” and includes “hysterectomy, ovariectomy and mastectomy.”[2]

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VAWC Leave

The term “violence against women and their children” refers “to any act or a series of acts committed by any person against a woman who is his wife, former wife, or against a woman with whom the person has or had a sexual or dating relationship, or with whom he has a common child, or against her child whether legitimate or illegitimate, within or without the family abode, which result in or is likely to result in physical, sexual, psychological harm or suffering, or economic abuse including threats of such acts, battery, assault, coercion, harassment or arbitrary deprivation of liberty.”[1]

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Parental Leave

A parental leave refers to the leave benefits granted to a solo parent to enable him/her to perform parental duties and responsibilities where physical presence is required[1] to attend to his/her children.[2] A solo parent is entitled to parental leave of not more than seven working days every year so long as the said parent has rendered at least one year of service.[3]

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Paternity Leave

Every married male employee in the private and public sectors are entitled to a paternity leave of seven calendar days with full pay for the first four deliveries of the legitimate spouse with whom he is cohabiting.[1] Cohabiting refers to the obligation of the husband and wife to live together, including situations where the spouses do not physically leave together because of the male employee’s workstation or occupation.[2]

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Maternity Leave

A female SSS member who has paid at least three monthly contributions in the 12 months period immediately preceding the semester of her childbirth or miscarriage is entitled to a daily maternity benefit equivalent 100% of her average daily salary credit for 60 days for normal delivery or 78 days in case of caesarean delivery, subject to the following conditions:[1]

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