Rights and Obligations of the Buyer in Sales Transactions

Acceptance of delivery and payment of purchase price

The buyer is obligated to accept delivery and to pay the price of the thing sold at the time and place[1] stipulated in the contract.”[2] Except as otherwise agreed upon, the buyer is not required to accept delivery by installments.[3]

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Seller’s obligation to deliver

The seller is obligated to transfer the ownership of and deliver the object of the sale, as well as answer for its warranty.[1]

The buyer acquires ownership of the thing sold from the moment it is delivered to him: (a) through the various modes of delivery, or (b) in any other manner signifying an agreement that the possession is transferred from the vendor to the vendee.[2] Not mere agreements but tradition or delivery transfers the ownership of things (Non nudis pactis sed traditione dominia rerum transferentur).[3]

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