What are patentable inventions

A patentable invention is any “technical solution of a problem in any field of human activity which is new, involves an inventive step and is industrially applicable.”[1] It may be, or may relate to, a product, or process, or an improvement of any of the foregoing.[2]

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What constitutes intellectual property rights

Intellectual property rights consist of:

(a) copyright and related rights;

(b) trademarks and service marks;

(c) geographic indications;

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Kinds and Scope of Agency

The kinds and scope of agency depend on the terms and conditions of the agency contract.

General and special agency

An agency may be general or special.[1] A general agency comprises “all the business of the principal.”[2] A special agency comprises “one or more specific transactions.”[3]

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Express or implied agency

An agency may be expressly agreed upon or implied.[1] It may be oral unless otherwise required by law to be in a specific form.[2] Conversely, it is implied from: (a) the acts of the principal, or (b) his silence or his failure to repudiate the agency, in both cases the principal knows that another person is acting on his behalf without his authority.[3]

An agent may accept the agency expressly or impliedly.[4] Acceptance is implied from: (a) agent’s acts which carry out the agency, or (b) his silence or inaction according to the circumstances.[5]

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