Are payslips required to be given to ordinary employees by the employer under labor law?

This is a frequently asked question in Philippine labor law from both the employers and the employees. Are employers required to issue payslips to employees?

The answer is not a direct one. This is primarily the reason why this question keeps coming up.

In summary, there is no express statute or rule requiring employers to provide employees with payslips. However, Supreme Court decisions have repeatedly declared that employers should provide them

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Liability for Product and Service (Product Liability)

Liability for the defective products

Any Filipino or foreign manufacturer, producer, and any importer, are liable for redress, independently of fault, for damages caused to consumers by defects resulting from design, manufacture, construction, assembly and erection, formulas and handling and making up, presentation or packing of their products, as well as for the insufficient or inadequate information on the use and hazards thereof.[1]

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Labeling and Fair Packaging under the Consumer Act

Prohibited acts on labeling and packaging

It is unlawful for any person, either as principal or agent, engaged in the labeling or packaging of any consumer product, to display or distribute, or to cause to be displayed or distributed in commerce, any consumer product whose package or label does not conform to the provisions of the law.[1]

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… this Court had occasion to reiterate management’s prerogative to close or abolish a department or section of the employer’s establishment for economic reasons. We reasoned out that since the greater right to close the entire establishment and cease operations due to adverse economic conditions is granted an employer, the closure of a part thereof to minimize expenses and reduce capitalization should also be recognized.

 Dangan v. Tierra Factors Corporation, G.R. No. 63127-28, 20 February 1984

Consumer Product and Service Warranties

Applicable law on warranties under the Consumer Act

The provisions of the Civil Code on conditions and warranties primarily govern all contracts of sale with conditions and warranties.[1] The Consumer Act provides for additional rules on warranties as provided below.

Rules on Warranties
Consumer Code

In addition to the Civil Code provisions on sale with warranties, the following provisions are to govern the sale of consumer products with warranty:[2] 

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