Works Not Protected by Copyright

Other than works protection by copyright, no protection is extended to: (a) any idea, procedure, system, method or operation, concept, principle, discovery or mere data as such, even if they are expressed, explained, illustrated or embodied in a work; (b) news of the day and other miscellaneous facts having the character of mere items of press information; or (c) any official text of a legislative, administrative or legal nature, as well as any official translation thereof. [1]

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