How to shorten the 1-hour meal period under the Labor Code

How to shorten -

The 1-hour meal period should be uninterrupted. Did you know that you can shorten it?

The Labor Code provides that employees should be afforded a 1-hour meal period for every day of work. It expressly provides that it should be continuous and uninterrupted. The purpose of this is to ensure that the employees should be given ample opportunity to take their meals and take a long rest during their work shift.

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Regulation of Repair and Service Firms

The following are the minimum requirements for accreditation for repair and service firms:

  1. the duly registered business name, firm name, or style of the firm;
  2. date of issue and effectivity of the certificate of accreditation;
  3. number and skills of technical personnel; and
  4. required license for the repair or servicing of any consumer product as required by special laws.[1]

No person is to operate a repair and service firm or act as technical personnel therein without first being accredited by the DTI.[2]


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[1] R.A. 7394, Article 127.

[2] Ibid. Article 128.

Advertising and Sales Promotion

What constitutes advertising

Advertising is “the business of conceptualizing, presenting or making available to the public, through any form of mass media, fact, data or information about the attributes, features, quality or availability of consumer products, services or credit.” [1] Advertisement is “the prepared and through any form of mass medium, subsequently applied, disseminated or circulated advertising matter.”[2] Advertising agency or agent is “a service organization or enterprise creating, conducting, producing, implementing or giving counsel on promotional campaigns or programs through any medium for and in behalf of any advertiser.”[3]

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Are payslips required to be given to ordinary employees by the employer under labor law?

This is a frequently asked question in Philippine labor law from both the employers and the employees. Are employers required to issue payslips to employees?

The answer is not a direct one. This is primarily the reason why this question keeps coming up.

In summary, there is no express statute or rule requiring employers to provide employees with payslips. However, Supreme Court decisions have repeatedly declared that employers should provide them

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Liability for Product and Service (Product Liability)

Liability for the defective products

Any Filipino or foreign manufacturer, producer, and any importer, are liable for redress, independently of fault, for damages caused to consumers by defects resulting from design, manufacture, construction, assembly and erection, formulas and handling and making up, presentation or packing of their products, as well as for the insufficient or inadequate information on the use and hazards thereof.[1]

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Labeling and Fair Packaging under the Consumer Act

Prohibited acts on labeling and packaging

It is unlawful for any person, either as principal or agent, engaged in the labeling or packaging of any consumer product, to display or distribute, or to cause to be displayed or distributed in commerce, any consumer product whose package or label does not conform to the provisions of the law.[1]

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